This question has been asked time and time again throughout history, but let’s just start with what our founding fathers said about it. They wanted a government for the people by the people. They wanted the ability to amend and constantly rectify their laws. They wanted a democracy in which votes are used to determine the best choice of action, but they only considered wealthy white, male landowners to be capable of making intelligent decisions. They wanted congressmen to be elected to represent the interests of all the people who had no time for politics. Why did they need congressmen to represent the people, even the small amount of official citizens they had? Because it was logistically impossible to hear from every citizen, amass a huge database of their preferences, and respond accordingly. Entities in the US government now have that capability, but they’re using it to spy on their own citizens. And even without the Utah data center, these problems are easily solvable with instantaneous global communication and a couple of servers. In fact, it could start as a subreddit.
We know what politics looks like nowadays. A bunch of people in suits arguing. Talking heads. Talking points. People making “power plays.” Politicians with warchests of money. Attack ads. Alliances. This is not government. There’s no governing involved here. There is a childish game being played called politics. As strange as it may sound, we need politics out of government. When people say they want “money out of politics” they mean they want bribery out of government. This of course is not what our forefathers intended, nor what the majority of society wants: individuals with the most money controlling all of society. Direct digital democracy takes the power away from the rich and gives it to everyone participating in the system. The rich still have wealth, but they can’t control an entire community using bribes nearly as easily as they can now. Furthermore, there is no time or energy wasted running election campaigns. People with good ideas can immediately get them realized without needing to be charismatic or rich. All anyone needs is an internet connection and a computer.
Once society is run using D-2.0, communities can begin experimenting with different governing systems. D-2.0 is not a utopian system in and of itself. It does however allow decision making to be more fluid by putting decision-making ability in the hands of society. If you are familiar with thermodynamics, you probably are aware of the phenomenon known as diffusion. Diffusion is the random movement of particles in a system that causes that system to naturally reach an entropically favorable state, without the input of any additional energy. In order for diffusion to occur, one must remove barriers that keep particles in a given system. Diffusion isn’t just for thermodynamics though. A bee randomly “diffuses” through its environment to locate flowers. It doesn’t matter what direction it moves in; the longer it diffuses through its environment, the higher the likelihood that it will find what it wants. If you contained the bee in a small environment, there’s a low chance that it will find the flower it needs. In a similar vein, imagine civilization is the bee. The movements the bee makes in search of the flower correlates to the legislation civilization passes in search of utopia. By removing the barriers to creating laws, civilization will eventually diffuse into utopia. Keep in mind that legislation that benefits one society by no means is the silver bullet that benefits all societies. We need to have the freedom to choose how we want to be governed.
Different laws work for different groups of people. The title of this post is a trick question: there is no one best way to govern. D-2.0 isn’t a government system so much as a way for society to create and agree on its own laws. It can be used in any existing government where leaders are elected or even appointed. All the “leader” has to do is pledge to execute any legislation passed via D-2.0 in the existing system. If this decision-making technique proves to be useful, it will spread naturally. If it’s not, it shouldn’t be used in the first place.